GLUECK, SHELDON

GLUECK, SHELDON
GLUECK, SHELDON (1896–1980), U.S. criminologist. Born in Warsaw, Glueck was taken to the United States in 1903. In 1925 he became an instructor in criminology at Harvard and was professor of law from 1931. A member of the advisory committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure of the U.S. Supreme Court, he was also an adviser at the Nuremberg war crimes trials after World War II. Glueck's work in criminology was largely accomplished with the help of his wife, ELEANOR GLUECK-TOUROFF (1898–1972), who held research posts in criminology at Harvard from 1928 to 1953. For over 30 years they carried out unique follow-up investigations of delinquent and criminal behavior to determine the effectiveness of various forms of correctional treatment. The research resulted in several important publications including One Thousand Juvenile Delinquents (1934). Later research into the early identification of delinquency and recidivism led to the development of prognostic tables to predict post-offense behavior of criminal offenders. The Glueck system of prediction enabled them to determine which children in the first grade would probably become persistent delinquents unless there was timely and effective intervention. The predictions were based on certain factors in the social background of the children such as parental discipline, relationship with parents, and the cohesiveness of the family. Validation studies of these prediction tables generally confirmed their accuracy, and were approved by a number of eminent criminologists and social scientists. Among their many publications were Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency (1950), in which the Glueck Social Prediction Table is described, and Predicting Delinquency and Crime (1959), which incorporates various tables of prediction for different types of criminal and delinquent behavior. They also wrote Ventures in Criminology (1964). Among Sheldon Glueck's other writings were: Mental Disorder and the Criminal Law (1925); and The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War (1946). (Zvi Hermon)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Glueck, Sheldon; and Glueck, Eleanor — orig. Eleanor Touroff born Aug. 15, 1896, Warsaw died March 10, 1980, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. born April 12, 1898, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1972, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. criminologists. Sheldon Glueck immigrated to the U.S. from Poland as …   Universalium

  • Glueck, Sheldon y Glueck, Eleanor — orig. Eleanor Touroff (15 ago. 1896, Varsovia–10 mar. 1980, Cambridge, Mass., EE.UU.). (12 abr. 1898, Brooklyn, N.Y., EE.UU.–25 sep. 1972, Cambridge, Mass.). Criminologistas estadounidenses. Sheldon Glueck emigró a EE.UU. desde Polonia cuando era …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Glueck — Glück bezeichnet den positiven Zufall oder (un)verdienten positiven Umstand, im Sinne von Glück haben, siehe Glück, Glücksfall oder Unglück als Gegenteil den positiv empfundenen Zustand, im Sinne von Glück empfinden , siehe Philosophie des Glücks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sheldon Glueck — (* 15. August 1896 in Warschau, Polen, damals Russisches Reich; † 10. März 1980 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Kriminologe, der zusammen mit seiner Ehefrau Eleanor Glueck, geb. Touroff (* 12. April 1898 in Brooklyn, New… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sheldon Glueck — (August 15, 1896 March 10, 1980) was a Polish American criminologist. Born in Poland, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1920. He received his PhD from Harvard University and taught there from 1925 to 1963. During the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sheldon (Vorname) — Sheldon ist ein männlicher Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Sheldon ist ursprünglich ein Familienname, der später als Vorname verwendet wurde. Der Familienname leitet sich wiederum von mehreren Ortschaften namens Sheldon ab.[1] Namensträger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sheldon Glueck — est un professeur de droit et un criminologue américain (1898 10 mars 1980)qui, en collaboration avec son épouse, se dévoua à la recherche de facteurs pour permettre l identification qui causent ou amènent la délinquance et la criminalité chez le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ehepaar Glueck — Sheldon Glueck (* 15. August 1896 in Warschau, Polen, damals Russisches Reich; † 10. März 1980 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Kriminologe, der zusammen mit seiner Ehefrau Eleanor Glueck, geb. Touroff (* 12. April 1898 in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eleanor Glueck — Sheldon Glueck (* 15. August 1896 in Warschau, Polen, damals Russisches Reich; † 10. März 1980 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Kriminologe, der zusammen mit seiner Ehefrau Eleanor Glueck, geb. Touroff (* 12. April 1898 in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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